The dream of many is to have a wooden floor and to maintain it properly. One thing everyone must realize is, having a wooden floor is simple but maintaining it is a job on its own. You can have a spectacular wooden floor by sanding your floor and finishing it with the right products.
Floor Sanding: Sanding is basically to remove the top surface of a wooden floor with coarse equipment. Many old types of flooring are sanded to remove the previous covers till the suitable wood type is found. Some wooden floors are designed in such a way that they are laid first and then sanded to bring out the best of the flooring. Floor sanding can be done on a number of flooring kinds like timber, particle board, cork and rarely parquet.
Sanding helps to remove all the existing dirt and can change the look of your existing floors. Sanding consists of a 3 step process. Prepare the floor, Sand the floor, and lastly coat with a protective sealant.
You have to plan in such a way that you have enough free time to sand and finish your flooring without any interruptions. Minimum time it takes to complete a floor that is in a normal condition is 3 days.
Prepare the floor: firstly remove all the furniture and drapes from the room. Remove all floor coverings, loose nails or anything that is not wanted and fix loose boards. If by chance you need to change a plank or two, keep aside a good match that will match the surrounding wood. Tape up all the cupboards and doors. Hammer the peeping nail heads as it will cause damage when sanding. Before sanding, make sure to sweep the floor clean, and remove any excess dirt or grit.
Sanding: You will need 3 types of sanding machines:
- The drum sander
- Edging sander
- Corner sander
Sand the floor using the machines mentioned above. The drum sander is used for the entire floor. The edging sander is used to sand the edges and the corner sander is used to sand the corners of a room.
Finishing/ apply a sealant: After the sanding of the floor is completed, you must sweep the floor to remove any dust or dirt that is left off on the floor. Then wipe the floor with a damp cloth.
Apply the first coat of your sealant. If you find any rough patches, you can sand the floor by hand.
Once you complete the three step process, you must leave the floor to dry for at least a day or two. If time is not given for the floor to dry, it is possible that scratch marks may occur too soon.
The three secrets about sanding a floor:
You can never sand your floor quickly. You must be able to allot enough time to complete the project. Sometimes, the sealant can be applied quickly but the procedure before that, can take double the time.
Secondly, once you start sanding, you will want to sand for more time to get a better and a smoother finish. The smoother it gets the scratches seem to be less visible.
Last but not the least, the entire room must and should follow the same procedure. The preparation and finish must be set before you start the sanding, and once it is set, all steps should be followed. If any step is missed, the area will look out of place.
Just a few points to keep in mind:
- Floor sanding is best, when done by a professional. If you haven’t used a sanding machine before, you may not be able to do any good to your floor.
- Wear a mask
- Never leave a drum sander in one place as it will leave a big mark that looks like a drum.
- Wear ear plugs
- Give adequate ventilation.